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Frequently Asked Questions

REDUCING TAXES


For over 40 years, I have been advocating to reduce the unfair tax burden on rural property owners. It just is not right that Albany pushes the cost of funding Medicaid and other unfunded mandates, onto the shoulders of rural residents through taxes on our homes, businesses and farms. When Albany pays for its mandates, those costs come off our County budgets. This will drastically reduce property taxes and free up resources for local governments to invest in: - Local infrastructure - First responder units - Local services - Local law enforcement And the quality of education for our children should not be determined by the economic strength of the community they happen to be born into. Schools, Medicaid, and county operations are funded largely through property taxes in our rural counties. But those taxes are a remnant of an outdated system and have little relationship to someone’s ability to pay them. It is time to rethink how we pay for our schools and medical institutions - let’s get it right. The economic shut down from the COVID pandemic clearly exposes the incredible inequities of this system. Your property taxes will not be reduced because you are now unemployed, or your business was shut down. In fact, your property taxes are very likely to go up. Taxpayers suffer, and so do our local communities. That’s why we need advocates for upstate taxpayers in the majority conference. A fair tax system must be based on how much someone earns and what they can afford to pay. Tax loopholes and fancy accounting gimmicks allow those with super high incomes to pay a lower tax rate on their earnings than the rest of us who earn our living through a paycheck or through the cash register of our business. That is unfair. These inequities need to change, and the opportunity to change them is now. The massive deficits and economic upheaval in our communities created by the COVID crisis will require policy makers in Albany to take bold steps. In New York, we can and must close these loopholes and make sure that large financial institutions and the Wall Street speculators, pay their fair share. I am proposing a six-point tax policy to level the playing field, and take the burden off of working families and small businesses: 1. A circuit-breaker on New York property taxes for working families, small businesses and retirees - We need to ensure that people can afford to stay in their homes and keep their farms. A circuit-breaker on New York families would mean that taxes on their primary residence or business would be capped at a reasonable percentage of their income. 2. Create a level playing field for NY businesses - Multinational Corporations received a huge tax break in the 2018 Federal Tax Reform Bill. An increase in the in-state corporate tax on large multinational companies operating here can be used to provide a matching decrease in state corporate tax for small NY businesses. 3. Close the Carried Interest Loophole: Hedge fund managers and private equity firms charge a fee for investing other peoples' money. Under federal and state tax laws, this fee can be considered as “carried interest" which is taxed at a much lower rate than the income you earn through your paycheck. This “Carried Interest Loophole” is the reason that Warren Buffett famously pays a lower tax rate than his secretary. - Apply a state-level surtax, also called a Carried Interest Fairness Fee, which will ensure that private equity and hedge fund managers pay at least the same tax rate on their income as truck drivers and teachers. ~3.5 billion in annual revenue 4. Implement a tax when companies buy back their own stock and eliminate the rebate on the stock transfer tax: - Implement a Stock Buy Back Tax When companies repurchase their own shares from the marketplace, which they have done with taxpayer bailout money, the ownership value of each investor share goes up. Even Republican Senator Marco Rubio agrees this will keep corporations from using our tax dollars to enrich themselves. - Stop rebating the Stock Transfer Tax The stock transfer tax is basically a sales tax on the transfer of shares of stock. New York State currently rebates 100% of this sales tax back to the traders. ~15.8 billion in annual revenue 5. Address the federal loophole for high-dollar pass-through business income: Billionaire real estate investors, hedge funds and private equity funds, received a special loophole for high-dollar pass-through business income in the 2018 tax bill that slashed their tax rates. - NY can implement a surtax on high-dollar pass-through business income to recoup the revenue lost from the federal tax policy. 6. The super wealthy can afford to pay a little more to help all our towns do a little better: The Federal Reserve reports that the top 1% of families in the United States control a record-high and still growing percent of the wealth. In fact, nearly twice as much wealth as those of us living and working in the first 90% of the population. The federal “Tax Reform Bill” transferred tremendous wealth to the top 1%, while limiting the State and Local Tax (SALT) deductions for those of us living and working in NY state. - A slightly higher income tax bracket on the super wealthy will help NY support the education, healthcare, and job creating small businesses we all want and need in our communities. ~$2.1 billion in annual revenue Let’s stop subsidizing the folks with super high incomes and instead create a system that is fair to the people who are self-employed, run a small business, or earn their living through a paycheck.




SUPPORTING LOCAL GOVERNMENTS


Many local governments have been hit hard by the COVID crisis, and I commend their swift and nimble response to this unprecedented time of dealing with a major health crisis while managing shrinking revenue and budgets. One thing local municipalities need now is time. Time to assess the long-range economic conditions, and time to institute changes in revenue and spending plans. This is where assistance from the federal and state governments can really help local governments recover from the forced shut down related to the COVID pandemic. There will be tremendous budget short falls in many upstate counties; some more severe than others. Most municipalities are laying off workers, which adds to the emotional strain on our neighbors and further deepends the economic impact that high unemployment has on our communities. Foremost, the Federal government must step in, not only to assist the state, but also our towns and counties. This is not a handout. New York is among a small handful of states that sends more revenue to the federal government than it receives in federal support. Each year, New York taxpayers send about $26 billion more to the federal government than we receive. All we're asking is that the Federal government give us our money back. The Federal and state governments can and should help. The Federal government has an obligation to help make our counties and local governments financially whole. And there is also an important role for the State in helping local governments get through this difficult time. That's why I have a four-point plan to support local governments. 1. Provide low and zero-interest loans of up to 6 years, from the federal and state government: This would give local municipalities the time they need to spread out the cost of the pandemic. Budget decisions could be made over time, with better information and a sound understanding of the impact the COVID crisis will have on normal revenue streams. These loans would reduce the number of lay-offs in the short-term as long range plans are formulated with a better understanding of what the future holds. 2. Extend the repayment period for Revenue Anticipation (RAN) Tax Anticipation Note (TAN) and Bond Anticipation Note (BAN) Loans: These loans allow local governments to borrow money from anticipated revenye, which is crucial right now. However, the repayment period for these loans is generally a year. Senate Bill S0847 would begin to address this and should be passed as soon as possible. Local governments need more time right now. Let's give it to them. 3. Make winter recovery funds from the state permanent: Our roads are still going to need repair, despite the severe revenue constraints in many counties and municipalities. That's why the state should commit to and make permanent winter recovery funds, so essential for filling potholes and ensuring the safety of our roads. Making these funds permanent will allow communities to plan for road repairs. 4. Allow municipalities to own renewable energy production: The COVID crisis has shown the dangers of municipalities relying on single revenue streams like tourism. Allowing municipalities to own renewable energy production like solar farms will not only help us meet our clean energy goals, but will keep the revenue generated in the local community.




PROTECTING NATURAL RESOURCES & ADDRESSING CLIMATE CRISIS


As a farmer, I am keenly aware of the important connections between our natural resources and the health of our communities and our economy. That’s why my wife and I were very active in fighting fracking development in New York State. Fracking is a business model where a very few people gain all the reward and the rest of the community assumes all the risk and pays for all the damage. It does not create a sustainable local income source with good paying jobs nor money staying in the local economy. We also know first-hand the devastating impacts of climate change. Our home and family farm were destroyed in 2011 by Hurricane Irene; from which we are still recovering. This was a supposed 500-year flood that occurred again 50 miles to our west just one week later with Hurricane Lee, and again one year later with Hurricane Sandy to our south. We must stop giving tax breaks and subsidies to the fossil fuel industry and instead invest in sustainable, renewable energy. Our rural communities and farms are essential partners as we transition to clean energy and take on the climate crisis. At a time when the state has committed to addressing climate change and creating good-paying green energy jobs, I want to make sure that our upstate communities share the benefits of the green energy economy. That’s why I have a four point policy to grow our rural economies while protecting our precious natural resources and addressing the climate crisis: 1. We need to support farms in their efforts to build productive soils, enhance water quality and improve carbon sequestration. We know the important role farms play in providing clean water in the New York City and Skaneateles Watersheds. Let’s build upon that model across the state to provide farms an income for partnering with our communities to improve our environment and sustain our farms for generations to come. 2. We need to move away from foreign owned renewable energy facilities by empowering our communities to be the beneficiaries of local renewable energy production. I want to assist with the creation of municipal power authorities.This will give our communities better control over the process and keep the money spent on energy within the local economy. We can supply clean, affordable energy, provide jobs for the folks who live here, and generate revenue to circulate locally. 3. If downstate wants upstate to become their energy provider, we need to make sure that doing so creates jobs and revenue right here in our communities and that we get much needed investments in our infrastructure to upgrade our water and sewer systems, build out high-speed broadband and cell service, and improve our roads and bridges. 4. We must codify the ban on hydro-fracking in New York State so that we can focus on the future of clean energy production.





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